What is a bunion?
Bunion is called the protruding cartilage or tissue formation around the joint near the big toe. The disease is often accompanied by severe pain and is difficult to treat. And most often from bunion suffer the women.
As the disease progresses it is possible the thumb to deform and to turn inwards to the forefinger and to be obtained overlapping of the toes. This leads to the formation of the said bulge. There may be redness, inflammation, pain, swelling, and subsequently irregular gait. There is the so called Taylor’s bunion, which affects not the joint of the thumb, but that of the little finger of the foot.
Causes of bunions
- The high, uncomfortable, sharp and narrow shoes, the improper walking are some of the most common causes of bunion. Wear comfortable and reasonably high shoes, aiming to put them on only for special occasions. In the everyday life wear low, wide enough and comfortable shoes.
- Poor nutrition is also a factor for the occurrence of bunion.
- An excess of mineral salts (frequent consumption of mineral water can lead to this problem), calcium and magnesium in the body leads to damage to the joints that alter the mechanism of movement, lose their elasticity and get generally depreciated. As a result, the cartilage begins to grow and appears bunion.
- The flat foot is also a reason for the deformities of the joints because of the drastically increased loading on them and the formation of a bunion. As a preventive measure, use special orthopedic insoles that you can find in any pharmacy.
- The risk of emergence of bunion increases and in the cases of hereditary factor.
- Some diseases of the bone system (arthritis, arthrosis, etc.), as well as traumas or injuries of the foot also predispose to the occurrence of bunion.
How to treat bunions?
As a beginning leave foot at rest, this is likely to reduce the pain. That means to avoid prolonged walking or loading of the leg and wearing tight and high shoes. Give yourself a massage, which is considered efficient, although quite painful bunion treatment. There are also special pads and splints for bunions.
And according to studies omega-3 fatty acids help for the reduction of the joint pain. And with proper diet can be reduced, not only the pain, but also the growth of the bunion. Suitable are and the baths with chamomile or smoke tree, and paws with humani (diluted with water to the achievement of a homogenous mixture) or with melted beeswax.
Options of treatment are also a local injection with corticosteroids, antibiotics and surgical intervention if all else fails and the pain increases.